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Crew 100B Log Book for March 5, 2011

Photos of the day

Commander's Check-In Report

Balwant Rai reporting

Experimental Status: All the medical, habitability, astrobiological and food experiments began today as scheduled. We had been taught special massages and exercises. our rover engineer completed her second experiment.

Time Departed/Returned from EVA: three EVAs performed

Time Departed/Returned from EVA: As per EVA reports

The meals today were really tempting since it was a cooking day and our chief cook learnt to make the bread with best results ever.

EVA’s: We completed three successful EVA’s.

Number Of reports: 5 science reports, 1 engineering report, 1 journalist report, 3 EVA reports and 1 chef report.

Plan for tomorrow: will begin the massages to lower the surface tensions as we learned today from HSO and then medical experiments will be followed by habitability again on all crew members. Interpretation of the Sun by means of the radio telescope will also be done. The study of the rover’s maneuverability as well as the potential use of the drone, weather pending will take place. Another emergency EVA (enacted) will be performed for all crew members to be prepared to react in case of real emergency as planned by myself in rotation here in MDRS crew 78 before in 2009. All crew members will be assigned different tasks before to avoid confusions and to lessen mis-interpretations. One will be on foot, and one will use the ATV’s. Tomorrow will be a non cooking day.

Commander's Report

Balwant Rai Reporting

Today we commenced the day with our crew exercises and special massages and then continuing medical experiments and our habitability experiment.

The crew’s medical health will continue to be monitored by our health and safety officer for the remainder of our stay here on Mars. Breakfast was satisfying. Our crew had their saliva samples taken (via Versi Sal 1 from Oasis Diagnostics), vital parameters monitored (via the Zephyr Bioharness), and their heart rate variability measured (via NERV Express 4.2 software). I also performed the cognitive study (via CogState Research software) on all crew members, as well. We performed an emergency rescue experiment for all crew members to be well aware of their tasks and react in well time to avoid confusions and time waste.

Our crew scientist continued to work through problems with starting observations of the sun via the radio telescope. Our rover engineer completed her second experiment Three EVA’s were performed to sites of interest. Today is a cooking day, so our chef prepared delicious food for all crew members. Our astronomer fixed her problem with telescope to start her experiments well. Tomorrow, we will continue our experiments starting massages suggested by our HSO for all crew members to have proper sleep as some of us experienced little problems. Medical, habitability and astrobiological experiments will be taken into account, also, the rover experiment and the radio telescope experiments will be performed.

Engineering Report

Matthieu Ansart Reporting


· Kitty (Diesel Generator) (Used? Yes/No): Yes

· Honey (Gas Generator) (Used? Yes/No): No

· Battery Charge Level: Checked by DG

o 10.59 V everstart

o 12.37 V armor plate

o 13.32 V green

Notes/Comments (include how many generator runs, approximately when, and any times you needed to turn the generator on/off):

1 generator run, all is good

Fuel Status:

· Diesel (Full/0.75/0.5/0.25/Empty): between 0.75 and 0.5

· Propane Tank (Full/0.75/0.5/0.25/Empty): 0.36

· Gasoline Tank (Full/0.75/0.5/0.25/Empty): 1,5 containers full



· Kitty Oil Quantity (# of Quarts in storage): Leave it to DG

· Honey Oil Quantity (# of Quarts in storage): Leave it to DG

· ATV Oil Quantity (# of Quarts in storage): 6 quarts on the engineering work bench

· Car Oil Quantity (# of Quarts in storage):

Water Status:

· Outside Potable Water Tank Level (inches from bottom): 8

· Trailer Potable Water Tank Level (inches from bottom): 1/3 Full

· Hab Potable Water Tank Level (inches from bottom): 5

· Potable Water Meter Reading:

Notes/Comments :


· Condition of plants in Tank 1: green water

· Condition of plants in Tank 2: green plants and snails

· Condition of plants in Tank 3: green plants

· Greenhab notes/ comments: Aquatic Tank 2 is now full.


· Telescope Used? (Yes/no) Yes

Observatory Notes:



· Used (yes/no): No

· Oil Checked (yes/no): No

· Tire Status: Not checked

· Odometer at end of day: 123973

· Notes/Comments on Hab Car:

ATV 1 (Opportunity):

· Used: Yes

· Oil Checked: no

· Fuel Consumed: not filled

· Tire Status: not checked

· Comments:

(ATV 2 (Spirit):

· Used: No

· Oil Checked: No

· Fuel Consumed:

· Tire Status:

· Comments: It has been taken back.)

ATV 3 (Viking I):

· Used: No

· Oil Checked: no

· Fuel Consumed: 0

· Tire Status: not checked

· Comments

ATV 4 (Viking II):

· Used: No

· Oil Checked: no

· Fuel Consumed: 0

· Tire Status: not checked

· Comments:

Heating and Ventilation:

· Thermostat setting upstairs (Farenheit): 65

· Actual temperature upstairs (Farenheit): 73

· Thermostat setting downstairs (Farenheit): 65 (for crew members who are taking their shower)

· Actual temperature downstairs (Farenheit): 64

Computers/Networking Infrastructure:

Notes/comments on internet/computers?:

General Engineering

1. Notes/Comments:

Science Report

Rachel Dompnier Reporting

Today was my second experiment on rover and drone. In the same course as the first experiment, Quentin had to use the drone in order to find the best way for the rover to reach a target, avoiding some obstacles.

Using the Wrap-920 glasses, enabling him to see directly through the front camera of the drone, Quentin sends the drone first to confirm is idea and finds a way much easier to reach the target than the one he had chosen before with the rover alone. The third dimension brings new information to the operator which is necessary to choose the easiest way.

Besides, we noticed that those glasses enable to avoid reflections from the light that is really helpful to pilot the drone. Indeed, the glasses improve a lot the situation awareness of the operator: he is completely focused on the drone’s vision and the piloting becomes instinctive even if any little disturbing sound (like the fan starting in the green HAB, or opening/closing the doors) is enough to destabilize him.

According to Quentin, the hilly landscape is difficult to see on the drone’s camera due to its altitude. He improved his vision by constantly changing his angle of view and sometimes moving backward.

Finally power of the rover engine begins to be disabling because of the extreme loss of time on such an uneven path. That is why, for the next experiments, I will imagine a new path on a flat area to test only what is behind human reaction, then the engine failures will influence the results of those experiments less.

As a conclusion for this experiment, we showed that it takes a lot of time when the operator has to deal alone with the rover and the drone. However, use the drone as a way to give information about the landscape and the most passable path to the rover is actually relevant.

Science Report (Medical)

Jasdeep Kaur Reporting

Time: 0930- Blood pressures monitored and exercises taught

Crew Members: Science Team: 6 crew members Balwant Rai, Rachel Dompnier , Quentin Bourges,Chrystal Latham,Matthieu Ansart and Jasdeep Kaur

Location: Hab

Objective: To examine the affects of different massages on blood pressure, heart rate, pulse rate and daily activities.

Observation: All crew members were monitored for their blood pressures. The blood pressures and heart rate was also monitored by Zephyr technology. Pulse was checked manually and electronically. Some crew members complained of inability to sleep, this is always observed in a stressed area, so HSO taught various massages for relieving the stress and tensions on different body parts. Different exercises including scalp relief, eye pressure, sinus pressure and shoulder tension relief were performed. Crew members were instructed to perform these exercises before sleep and during day-time. As the back-pack are quite weighty,so it can create a pressure on pectoral girdle and also on shoulder muscles, so tension on shoulder muscles should be relieved for maintenance of healthy function. These exercises could really help crew members in relieving tensions on eyes, scalp and sinus pressure.

Results:All crew members really felt relaxed after performance of these massages.

Lessons learned: To perform these massages before sleep to have a sound sleep.

Science Report (Cognitive)

Balwant Rai reporting

JBR study of Neuro-cognitive and Psychological Issues in Mars Analogue Mission

Russian and American experience has discovered the significance of the psychosocial or interpersonal stressors connected to long-duration spaceflights. Because the ISS will in due course be staffed by astronauts from different nations. Interpersonal and psychosocial matters will grow to be even more relevant due to varied crews with differences in nationality, religion, social values and political beliefs. Research in an analogue environment (MDRS) was carried out on these issues by subjective and objective standardized methods. I can recommend from this study results that strong behavioral health of the individual and the crew as a group is requisite to encourage high performance, the satisfactions of mastery and achievements to bolster behavioral health.

Science Report (Medical Rescue)

Balwant Rai and Jasdeep Kaur Reporting

JBR study of medical Rescue during EuroMoonMars – MDRS Crew 100 B ILEWG Euro MoonMars crew

Since it is expected that throughout a mission to Mars, astronauts will live for 2 years in microgravity conditions, optimal nutritional programs and physical counter-measures to prevent body mass and functional alterations need to be taken into account. During long duration space flights such as Mars missions, astronauts are prone to many physiological changes such as loss of bone mass, muscle strength, and cardiovascular fitness. Maintenance of these factors and putting then under control is important requisite; so, we planned the EVA for medical rescue for all crew members, so they are prepared in advance to act in state of emergency. The complexity of examining an injured astronaut in his space suit has previously been discussed.

This experiment reported the same problems as a lot of time was frittered away until the rescue team arrived to the scene of accident due to problem with space suit bag pack and also the coordination between crew members was not excellent. Also, our stature (patient stature) was prepared in emergency condition and was not very good. The crew member who pretended to be injured had problem with back-pack and the helmet could not stay at same position, and it was almost impossible to put her on stature with back-pack and helmet. But, in the end the rescue procedures were followed in the same way as required and the crew member restored her normal health functions.

Lessons Learned: Co-ordination should be good. A stretcher should be designed to take into account the back pack of the astronaut, so in emergency it will be easy to put an astronaut on the stretcher without complicating injury further.

Science Report (Astronomy)

Crystal Latham Reporting

Yesterday, I reported on a problem with the radio receiver. Today, with a lot of help from Richard Flagg, I was able to fix the receiver. This was done by first determining that the faulty piece of equipment was in fact the switch that transfers voltage to the LED, and thus turns on the receiver for use. It was determined that the easiest fix was to solder the end of Jumper 10 to Jumper 2, so that voltage could get to the LED, and thus the volume knob. The only problem with this solution is that now anytime the receiver is plugged into a power source it will be on.

I am also finding that the data that I am now recording via Radio-SkyPipe II is uncalibrated. If anyone has ideas on how to calibrate this, it would be very useful. Along with this, it is likely the power supply being used is itself producing radio interference, which will interfere with trying to do quantitative measurements of the Sun. There are solutions to this problem, but all involve money.

Last night, I had a short observation session using Musk Observatory. This session just included trying to get the telescope aligned properly and observing the Orion Nebula. From what we did see, the session was very successful. Members of the crew, who had never seen the Orion Nebula, thought it was very beautiful. A few troubles were encountered, like opening and closing the dome, as well as focusing the field of view. As of now the telescope is still very misaligned, and this will have to be remedied for more in-depth observations to occur.

EVA 22 Report

Quentin Bourges Reporting

EVA#22 10:10 am to 11:40 am

Crew members: Rachel Dompnier, Matthieu Ansart, Quentin Bourges

Location: Green Hab and near by

Transit mode: Foot

Objective: Cooperation UAV/Rover in an obstacle course

Results: Control the UAV and the Rover at the same time takes a lot of time. But it is worth to do it as the operator can pave the way for the Rover with the UAV.

Lesson learned: Taking into account the weak mechanic power of the Rover, next time we should not choose an obstacle course with so many slopes.

EVA 23 Report

Matthieu Ansart Reporting

EVA#23 09:30 am to 10:30 am

Crew members: Balwant Rai, Matthieu Ansart, Quentin Bourges

Location : Hab and generators bay

Transit mode: Foot

Objective: to built a stretcher for rescue EVA.

Results: We succeeded in making a stretcher using 2 boards, belts and nails found in the generators bay. We made a kind of mattress with belts and we fixed it on the boards with nails. We tested it and it seemed to be efficient to carry an injured person. We hung it on an ATV in order to test it in real conditions in the afternoon.

Lessons learned: We can use many things stored in the generators bay to built what we need.

EVA 24 Report

Jasdeep Kaur Reporting

EVA # 24, 14:45-16:00

Crew Members: Rachel Dompnier, Matthieu Ansart, Quentin Bourges, Jasdeep Kaur, Balwant Rai

Site Location: N 38.40688, W 110.78996

Transit Mode: Pedestrian for 4 crew members and ATV for emergency physician

Objectives: To build up a well co-ordinated rescue procedure for any crew member in medical distress condition(ENACTED by crew members).

Results: 5 crew members were selected. One crew member stayed inside Hab (emergency physician) and waited for radio-call to arrive at the injury spot. 4 crew members went out for pedestrian EVA and one crew member enacted to be in a shock condition(enacted by Rachel Dompnier ), HSO started all emergency safety procedures and notified the emergency physician in Hab. Immediately he arrived on ATV with emergency kit and rescued the injured crew member carrying her on a stature to the Hab where further medical procedures were performed.

Lessons Learned: As per medical report

Chef’s Report

Crystal Latham Reporting

1a) Today was a cooking day

1b) Was today a special day celebrated at the main meal with special food or activity?


2) List the foods served at today's main meal (usually the evening meal), giving full names of each.

Bear Creek Cheddar Broccoli Soup

Beef –pepperoni tomato dish

An extra large loaf of Raisin Bread

3) List any main meal foods not finished by the crew (leftovers stored for later use or discarded)

A little raisin bread

4) Recipes for anything more complicated than following package directions exactly, or rehydrating.

Beef-Pepperoni Tomato Dish:

Two parts water, 1 part dried tomato pieces, dash of dried onion pieces, dash of basil and oregano; heat. Layer this mixture on top of rehydrated beef and pepperoni slices.

5) Lessons learned (if any)

A blender here at the Hab would be very useful

6) Comments/questions for Kim and Jean, the food study investigators


Journalist Report

Matthieu Ansart Reporting

Crew 100B began its second week on the MDRS with its usual cheerfulness. After an invigorating breakfast and many medical experiments, some crew members went out to perform drone and rover experiments. The others worked on medical experiments that related to human interactions, as well as technical problems about the telescope.

The second EVA aimed to build a stretcher for our safety procedures which allowed some crew members to use their natural engineering skills.

The last EVA was a test for our emergency procedures. The crew had some difficulties applying these procedures efficiently since the two Marsonauts, who carried the voluntary wounded person, faced some difficulties. But Crew 100B learned a lot from this failure. It will definitely be better next time.

The end of today was soiled by insistent e-mails from an undisclosed source. But the chief cook managed to restore a good atmosphere with delicious meals.